Call back
 

Bribery and Corruption in the Public Sector: Endemic and Unavoidable in All Societies

Free «Bribery and Corruption in the Public Sector: Endemic and Unavoidable in All Societies» Essay Sample

Introduction

Bribery refers to the giving of money, goods or services to other people with the goal of altering their behaviour to benefit the individual who is giving the bribe. Corruption encompasses fraudulent actions perpetrated by those who are in power. The public sector has been dominated by widespread acts of corruption, where those in the position of power find themselves giving and receiving bribes before offering services (Spahn, 2013). The increase in cases of corruption in the public sector has made it difficult to ensure that services are provided in an efficient manner. The two concepts are endemic and need to be rooted out of society as a way of promoting effective service delivery.

Academic Review

Bribery is a concept that has been in existence throughout the history. Recently, bribery and corruption have become issues of public concern across the world. The public sector has been criticised with most governments being deemed inefficient when it comes to the idea of giving bribes to get a service. Individual in the position of power have been accused of bribing other officials in the public sector in order to get special favours. Multinational companies have influenced the manner in which services are offered by the government and the way in which services are provided to people by securing contracts in an illegal way (Spahn, 2013). Notably, if the contract is announced to provide a particular service, public officials have been found to provide such opportunities to those who bribe them.

 

Title of your paper
?
Type of assignment
?
Number of pages
?
Urgency
?
Academic Level
?
Spacing
?

Bribe has been defined as an illegal and immoral act in various countries, particularly in the public sector. Countries have been working to ensure that the entire idea of bribery and corruption seizes to exist. However, efforts that are aimed at reducing or eliminating such a harmful act have not been successful, since the majority of officials in the public sector continue to bribe each other without considering the effect that such actions have on the wellbeing of the society. Corruption has been practiced to facilitate any service delivery. Notably, various departments within the public sectors have been criticised, since many people have lost confidence when it comes to their ability to offer services (Serra, 2012). The continuation of such an act has resulted in the citizens of a country not getting the best service, especially in an area where a bribe is normally given to provide a contract. Multinational companies that offer bribes tend to underperform after securing their work permits. In the long run, the citizens are the ones who turn out to suffer most.

Bribery and corruption remain illegal. Unfortunately, many public officials use their positions for personal gain. Instead of using the power to promote the agenda of the ruling government, most of them opt to receive bribes in order to ascertain the execution of a particular act. Furthermore, bribery and corruption result in wrong decisions that eventually affect the citizens. If a particular public officer were to receive a bribe allowing the provision of a particular service, it could be detrimental if the service provided was below the standard. Bribery and corruption are a disease that has been rooted in the public sector and has been affecting service delivery. Most of those elected to public positions fail to keep honouring the oath of office by taking bribes instead.

Corrupt individuals in the public sector opt to receive a bribe before they authorize a particular action to be undertaken. The failure to adhere to professional work ethics does significantly affect the ability to offer reliable services. There is a need to hold most of the officials in public office accountable for the services they provide to people. The increase in the levels of corruption in the public sector leads to the erosion of confidence of the population in the public sector. There is a widespread increase in cases of fraud when the ordinary citizens are sceptical when it comes to requesting services from public officials.

Benefit from Our Service: Save 25% Along with the first order offer - 15% discount, you save extra 10% since we provide 300 words/page instead of 275 words/page

Order now
Help

Bribery and corruption have crippled the efficient delivery of services from institutions that have been initially held in high regard. For instance, there is the issue connected to the courts. Some officials who have been convicted have found their way out of jail by bribing the members of the judiciary system in order to dismiss their cases. Individual countries have been extremely active in eliminating this corrupt action. However, the system turns out to be a vicious cycle, because judges who have been bribed have dealt with the problem. Cases that have been presented regarding corruption and bribery have not been acted upon, because those in charge have probably received a bribe to protect those who have accused.

An Evaluation of the US and the UK Regulatory Frameworks

The increase in bribery in the public sector has made some of the countries in the developed world take a tough stance with the aim of rooting out this practice. Notably, the United States and the United Kingdom aim meant to discourage the act in the public sector. The United Kingdom passed the UK Bribery Act in 2010, which was commonly known as the “Bribery Act”, in order to ensure that there was a reduction in corruption in various departments in the public sector. This Bribery Act outlined the areas that needed to be addressed with no delay (Carr, 2011). They involved crimes of bribery, including those giving and receiving, and the failure to prevent bribes from taking place, especially on the part of commercial organizations. The Act has stipulated ten year of incarceration with a high penalty for those who are found engaging in bribery and corruption. There is also the chance of confiscation of property that may have been obtained in an illegal manner, as it is stated in the Proceeds of Crime Act of 2002 (Engle, 2011). Furthermore, the Act does allow for the prosecution of individuals who may have participated in the illegal action irrespective of where the crime may have been committed (Jordan, 2011).

The United States, on the other hand, have the US Foreign Corrupt Practices Act that serves to address concerns that are related to bribery. The Act was a response to the increase of cases of individuals making payments to the foreign government officials with the aim of facilitating their businesses. The Act prohibits payments or promises to pay money or other forms of value with the knowledge that they would be used to influence the individual in capacity to do or avoid a particular action, especially when doing business. The law further requires the company that could be engaged in an illegal activity to be accountable.

Similarities are present between the English and the American stance when it comes to the concepts of bribery and corruption. Both countries have made it clear that one would be prosecuted irrespective of where the crime is committed. Both countries acknowledge the need to ensure that the individuals who are engaged in corrupt deals will be prosecuted.

Despite the evident similarities, there are also differences in the frameworks that address the issue of corruption and bribery among public officials. The difference lies in the scope of coverage of questions related to corruption. In the Bribery Act, it encompasses all of the commercial activities, while the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act addresses bribery claims amongst the foreign public officials (Black, 2012). However, despite the differences that exist between the two acts, the both have a common goal. They guarantee that the cases of bribery and corruption reduce at a fast pace.

Top 30
writers

Get the most experienced writer in the relevant discipline!

Hire a TOP writer for $10.95

Corruption and bribery among the public officials are vices that need to be eliminated. This illegal activity cannot ensure efficient and equal delivery of services. There is a need to improve accountability and transparency when it comes to the provision of services in various countries.

 

Absolute Confidentiality

Our company never discloses clients’ personal information to anyone.

 

Original Papers

Every paper is protected against plagiarism by specialized plagiarism detection software.

 

Timely Delivery to Beat any Deadline

Simply put, we do not miss deadlines even the tightest ones.

 

24/7 Customer Support

Whenever questions arise, feel free to get in touch with us during day and night.

Buy Essays Online from Us to Resolve Your Academic Challenges

Cannot write an ordinary essay or a complex thesis or dissertation by yourself? Do not worry since we have online solutions for every client. We are the most credible writing company where you can order an academic paper of any type. Whether you want to buy essays online, short-answer questions assignments, reaction papers, book reports, or any other projects, contact our academic writing agency. We know that students often face tough challenges through the academic years and want to help them ease their burden.

 

It is no secret that students are obliged to submit numerous writing tasks, which are a part of their educational curriculum. If you are one of those students who experience troubles while creating memos, research papers, concept maps and other pieces of writing, you may become extremely worried about the outcome, especially if the deadline is fast-approaching and instructions are perplexing. Our professional essay writers can help you handle your assignments and improve your final grades. So, do not hesitate to ask us for writing assistance.

We are here to help those desperate students who would like to get a perfectly written term paper, dissertation chapter, synopsis, grant proposal or any other work with completely authentic content. We do understand that the submission of plagiarized academic writing projects may lead to negative consequences such as unsatisfactory grades or even suspension from an educational establishment. In case you do not know how to create original content, order custom essays online from us. The qualified and professional essay writers comprising our team are experts in producing authentic texts. They always write papers from scratch and make proper citations, which means top-notch academic writing material is guaranteed. Thus, buy essay paper writing at Express-Essays.com if you desire to receive impeccable projects.

 

Title of your paper
?
Type of assignment
?
Number of pages
?
Urgency
?
Academic Level
?
Spacing
?

Buy Essay Paper Writing and Enjoy a Variety of Services Offered

Since students are assigned the tasks and projects of diverse nature, they strive to find the online company that can provide them with not only an essay writing service but also a spectrum of others that could help them cope with their assignments. Express-Essays.com is the company that offers a broad range of professional essay services. Some of them are listed below:

  • Professional essay editing. You have produced your custom essay but you are unsure whether it is correct in terms of sentence construction, clarity of text, etc. No problem! Submit your essay online to us and expect to be delivered a flawless work.
  • Valuable rewriting. We can reword any type of text. Thus, do not delay submitting your paper to us. Be confident that the rewritten document will be focused on the same topic and deliver the same messages as the original one.
  • Great formatting. Whether you buy essays online from us or the papers of other kinds, be certain that the citation style indicated in the order form will be applied correctly. We are conversant with all formats.
  • Remarkable proofreading. If you hesitate about being able to correct all punctuation errors, misspelled words, typos, etc. in your piece of writing, hire our proofreaders. They can easily spot all mistakes and correct them.

Regardless of the custom essay service you intend to use, you can be confident tha the final output will be outstanding since we are the experts focused on superb results. We realize that education matters a lot to you and it is not always easy to reach the objectives which you have defined for yourself. However, our custom essay writing team is here to assist you in the best way possible. So, do not panic if you don’t have a clue about how to create a powerful custom essay. Instead, turn to us to use our remarkable essay writing service.

Huge Discounts for Loyal Customers Who Regularly Order Custom Essays Online from Us

5%off

For more than

30 pages

 

10%off

For more than

50 pages

 

15%off

For more than

100 pages

 
 

Continue placing orders on our website and you will be provided with generous discounts for your loyalty. The discount rate depends on the number of pages ordered. The increasing number of orders presumes the rise of discounts from 5% to 15%. For example, if you buy 30 pages in total, you will receive a 5% discount on the future orders. In case you purchase 50 pages in total, you will get an opportunity of receiving a 10% discount on your next orders. When your assignments total 100 pages, you will be offered a 15% discount on the next orders. The most interesting fact is that such type of discount is called “life-time” and you will have an opportunity to use it as much as you need. Try our essay writing service now!

Why Should I Order an Essay from Your Website?

Have you ever thought about the cases when you cannot cope with a huge amount of home tasks and numerous academic papers that have to be written within a short time frame, whereas some other students get the best grades with ease? It is no longer a secret – they use online essay writing services and do not spend even a minute on writing boring essays and research papers.

When using a valuable academic writing service, one gets a wonderful opportunity to have some free time and manage it in their own way. Students get a chance to devote their attention to something other than studies. For example, they can take up a new hobby, try the kind of sports they have been dreaming of, enhance their personal development, etc. A worthy essay writing service is a great tool for those who want to make their academic life easier and more interesting. With a superb service at hand, students may stop bothering about the constant need of doing endless assignments, lab experiments, tests, etc.

If you also want to save your time and efforts just like other students in your class, make an order on our website and get numerous advantages:

Your paper will be assigned to the best writer, who specializes in your subject. It means that an expert writing specialist will complete your assignment according to your demands, so that you can get the desired grade.

You will have 48 hours (1-19 pages) or 30 days (20+ pages) for a free revision if you think that some requirements have not been followed by the writer. Please remember that this option requires keeping initial guidelines the same.

If you buy an essay online from our agency, be confident it will belong to you only. We never resell our clients’ orders as we value both their trust in us and our reputation. So, full ownership is granted!

On our website, you can buy essay papers at attractive prices that won’t hurt your budget. Just access our “Prices” page to see what rates we charge for different types of papers. Y0u can even determine the cost of your work before ordering it.

       

Use discount code first15 and

Get 15% OFF Your First Order!

 

Advantages of Cooperating with Our Professional Essay Writers

The question “Where to buy essays online?” is acute for a large number of students who cannot handle their assigned projects on their own. You have to be careful while choosing an agency to buy an essay paper online from, especially when it goes about some unknown online writing companies. There are more and more fraudulent providers on the Internet and students often become their victims by investing money into their scam services.

However, our company is known for providing a remarkable essay writing service. We have a big client base and we receive a lot of positive feedback on our work. We know how to satisfy customers’ demands and deliver superior quality services to every student.

If you buy an essay paper or that of any other kind from our online writing company, be certain that your professor will not even assume that it was written by another person. By using the writing service offered by our agency, you can confident of receiving a genuine paper written according to your specifications. You will not find a similar paper on the web, we guarantee!

One of the most important aspects to consider when choosing us to buy an essay online is our writers. We have a very strict hiring process since we want our writing team to comprise only highly knowledgeable and experienced specialists. We employ only the best writers on the writing market. Whenever you buy an essay or a complex dissertation, we will find the most suitable writer to accomplish your writing task.

We employ only professional essay writers who are degree holders and are able to take into consideration all customers’ needs. Here is a list of benefits you can gain if you hire one of our experts to write an essay online for you.

  • Your writer will carry out detailed research on your topic and gather all appropriate materials to make sure that your topic is covered fully.
  • The assigned expert will carefully analyze the collected data and determine the order of presenting it.
  • The specialist working on your assignment will structure it coherently so that it looks visually attractive and is easy to read.
  • Your writer will complete the given task according to the indicated citation style. Therefore, you no longer need to spend hours reading rules of formatting not to lose points for the paper.
  • If you buy essay papers on our website, have no doubts that it will contain all the required visual material, i.e. charts, tables, diagrams, etc.

If you want to write an essay or research paper on your own, you will have to spend many hours in the library and browse numerous online databases to find appropriate materials. However, our professional essay writers can do everything more effectively and according to the indicated deadline. So, buy essay assignments from us to ease your academic workload. You only have to place an online order.

 

Simple Ordering Process: Buy Essay Assignments with Ease!

 
 

Submityour paper details

 
 

Payfor the order

 
 

Downloadyour paper

 
 

Only a Few Clicks to Buy Essay Writing of Top Quality

The process of using our essay writing service is indeed rather simple. It requires our customers, who want to order an essay online from Express-Essays.com, to fill out a comprehensible form and that’s all. So, to buy essay paper writing from us, you need to:

  1. Provide broad guidelines about how to deal with your assignment. Indicate the deadline, topic, number of words, spacing, citation style, etc.
  2. Pay for your assignment. We offer several reliable payment methods which you can use to buy an essay online from us. Once the transaction is verified, your assignment will appear in our system.
  3. Communicate with your expert if required. We have created an effective system for online communication between our clients and writers. So, you can always send your specialist a message if such a need arises.
  4. Download your completed paper. Once your deadline expires, your assignment will be uploaded to your account at Express-Essays.com. Additionally, the copy of your completed project will be sent to your email.

So, why waste your time if you can order an essay from us and forget your worries and troubles? Our academic writing team is always ready to assist you in overcoming your academic difficulties. Thus, feel free to use our essay writing service to achieve the desired success!

 
     
Use disount code first15 and
GET 15% OFF YOUR FIRST ORDER!
Place your order now
X
Online - please click here to chat

Coherent Cookies Policy: our aim is customer satisfaction! We guarantee complete security, fully customized content and perfect services. Read more »

It’s Ok