Call back
 

Confucianism and Its Effect on Social Life in China and Korea

Free «Confucianism and Its Effect on Social Life in China and Korea» Essay Sample

Countries that are located in the same region often follow identical patterns in developing the structure of their social and political life. For instance, such states as China and Korea might seem similar to the people of the Western world, who do not study the traditions and culture of these states very closely. Additionally, certain countries situated in a particular geographical region may have the same customs and religion, which factor in determining the state order. A close analysis of the social and political structures of Korea and China leads the idea that neighboring states located in the same region tend to borrow concepts of social structure. Korea, influenced by the Confucian principles of the world order developed in China, established a society and education system, which generally resemble those of its powerful and politically relevant neighbor.

China was and continues to be a patriarchal state, mainly due to the pervasiveness of Confucian principles of world and social order. Therefore, education is this country was oriented towards males who could start families and perpetuate traditional household structure. However, women, especially those who belonged to the imperial family and ruling elite, played a different, but equally significant role in managing their homes and maintaining domestic life in proper condition (De Bary 410). Females had to undergo a complex training to perform their domestic responsibilities in the best way possible. Moreover, women participated in the early education of children, both male and female (De Bary 410). Thereby, it was important for mothers, grandmothers, older sisters, or aunts to know all the necessary classical texts and teach the young boys before they turned old enough to attend schools. Additionally, women were often responsible for the perpetuation of familial traditions when there was no male who could do it instead.

 

Title of your paper
?
Type of assignment
?
Number of pages
?
Urgency
?
Academic Level
?
Spacing
?

The development of printing, schooling, and literacy during the Ming period led to the spread Confucian principles and the establishment of a new world order. However, it not only contributed to the enhancement of the level of knowledge among males, but to the evolution of women’s education. In addition to the Four Books created by Zhu Xi, which presented a simplified version of classic Confucian canon, there also existed Four Books for Women that were created by female authors and included advice for women on how to live the Confucian way. The books described the roles of females and their position in the cosmic and human orders (De Bary 411). The books stated that women should be like earth that holds the inferior position – subservient, yielding, and passive. According to this teaching, women’s sphere was her family and the family of her husband. Therefore, a female’s primary duties were to serve, obey, and care for the husband’s family, to keep the family’s bloodline, and to assist her spouse.

These four works elaborated upon the different aspects of a female’s role in society. For example, Admonitions for Women written by Ban Zhao stressed that a woman should learn the three most significant features of female lifestyle (De Bary 412). First, she should modestly yield to others – respect other people, always put them first and herself last, and endure even if others speak or do something bad to her. Second, a woman must go to bed late and get up early in the morning to perform all her duties systematically. Regardless of whether it is easy or difficult, she must never refuse to perform any domestic work. Finally, a good wife must always be obedient and in service of her husband. Furthermore, this book distinguished specific elements of womanly behavior, which included womanly work, appearance, speech, and virtue.

Another book Analects for Women claimed that every woman must know how to establish herself as a person, understand the details of women’s domestic work, and know the rules of all rituals and etiquette (De Bary 419). Empress Xu’s Instructions for the Inner Quarters stressed that such qualities as modesty, sincerity, honesty, and dignity constitute the moral nature of a female (De Bary 425). Ina similar fashion, tt emphasizes that hard work and diligence were beneficial for the woman’s self, while the greatest faults included laziness, licentiousness, and jealousy. Additionally, this work stated that females of all social classes should value frugality (De Bary 425). Thereby, a Chinese woman should be humble, obedient, and wise to organize her household well.

Benefit from Our Service: Save 25% Along with the first order offer - 15% discount, you save extra 10% since we provide 300 words/page instead of 275 words/page

Order now
Help

Brought from China, Confucianism affected the social structure and determined the place of a woman in the Korean society, making the social order of this state similar to the Chinese one. Since Korean society was patrilineal, only one woman could become the mother of the male’s lineal heir (De Bary 585). Thereby, even if a man had any other women, they were perceived as less important, making the division between main official wives and concubines very sharp. In adherence to the Confucian concepts of state and social order, the union between a man and a woman was believed to represent the foundation of human morality and the basis of the socialization process that started from the relation between fathers and sons and extended to the relations between a state ruler and his subjects (De Bary 585). Similarly to Chinese communities, in Korea a female was in charge of domestic life. Since peace and stability of one family were the signs of stability and prosperity of the state, women were responsible for providing their country with capable and loyal men.

Due to such a worldview, the line between main wives and concubines was very strict. King T’aejo established special laws according to which land and ranks could be assigned only to main wives (De Bary 585). Additionally, this distinction was deemed necessary to guard human morality. Previously, members of the government and other influential officials used to follow their own desires and frequently took a second wife even if they already had one or made their concubines their main wives. To stop this chaos in social relations and to put an end to the great amount of disputes between concubines and wives, it was decided to punish anyone who made his concubine his main wife while the latter was still alive (De Bary 585). Additionally, the man who took a second wife was likewise punished.

Since the Chinese society, which was based on Confucian concepts, functioned through a specific system of rules and rites, similar specific house rules developed in Korea to create and maintain positive and beneficial relationships with relatives and to spread the civilizing influence to all spheres of domestic life. The “House Rules”, developed in 1468 by Sin Sukchu, represented an idealized code of conduct, which was based on the idea that people require permanent encouragement to live a moral life. Moreover, since all members of the family had to follow the rules of proper conduct, domestic servants and slaves were also encouraged to live morally. The “House Rules” contained the essence of moral Confucian society (De Bary 587). Thus, if families properly followed them, they brought harmony to domestic sphere, which simultaneously caused the peace and stability of the public realm.

Top 30
writers

Get the most experienced writer in the relevant discipline!

Hire a TOP writer for $10.95

There were six important principles that constituted Korean “House Rules”. The first rule emphasized the significance of a trained mind. The mind controls the entire body and all organs function and depend on its work, so in order to improve the work of the body the person must straighten their mind (De Bary 588). The second rule stressed that in order to maintain respectful relations among relatives, an individual must act faultlessly. The third rule underlined that reading and self-education are very important, because a person who does not to study is equal to an individual facing a wall (De Bary 588). Moreover, simply reading was not sufficient. In addition, the person had to vigorously practice the wisdom they found in the books.

The fourth rule discussed how the household should be managed. Frugality and accumulation of goods were the primary principles that allowed both establishing households and aiding those in need. The fifth rule emphasized that an official must rely on his subordinates and never doubt them, because a person who is doubted will never do his best, and if the administrator is doubtful he cannot hold his position and perform his duties properly. The final rule explains the role of women in a household, stressing that females can operate exclusively in the domestic realm (De Bary 589). The wives were expected to be respectful, sincere, pure, self-controlled, and obedient. Otherwise, they could not win the hearts of others and establish proper relations with their husbands.

VIP
support

VIP support services: extra attention is guaranteed!

Hire a VIP support for $9.99

Just as in China, Confucianism not only affected and structured social and family life in Korea, but led to the development of education in the state. People believed that the ideals of Confucianism could be realized exclusively through proper education of the citizens (De Bary 576). Thus, a well-developed nation-wide system of schools was established. There were four district schools in the state capital Seoul. Every state county had its own local school. Additionally, there was a Royal Academy in the capital, which offered higher education. the purpose of all these establishments was to train future officials and government leaders. Moreover, in the middle of the 16th century local scholars organized private academies that offered Confucian scholarship.

There were three types of examination, civil, military, and technical, that students had to pass to be recruited for governing positions. The civil examination was the most important; it consisted of a lower civil examination after passing which the graduate received either a degree for classics or a degree for literary writings and a higher civil examination which allowed the graduate to serve in government. Thus, it was a great honor to pass the higher civil examination and many ambitious students devoted their time to prepare for it. This simultaneously stimulated book printing. Korea improved the Chinese technique, which utilized woodblocks, by creating a movable metallic type of printing press (De Bary 560). Additionally, book printing was important because it helped spread knowledge made the realization of Confucian ideals of good state management possible (De Bary 560). State officials thought that only those who read could govern well.

Affiliate Program: Earn 10%

from all orders made by people you bring.

Your people also get 17% discount for their first order.
 

In conclusion, the geographic location of the two Asian countries, China and Korea, played a significant role in defining the structure of social and educational systems of these states. It is evident that since Korea is close to the politically strong and influential China, it was strongly affected by the Chinese worldview and religion, especially the ideas and principles of Confucianism. Korea used Chinese framework of beliefs and customs to develop its own social and educational structures, which were naturally similar to those of its powerful neighbor. Thereby, one may conclude that the politically weaker countries tend to borrow elements of the state organization of their influential neighbors to improve the life of their citizens.

 

Absolute Confidentiality

Our company never discloses clients’ personal information to anyone.

 

Original Papers

Every paper is protected against plagiarism by specialized plagiarism detection software.

 

Timely Delivery to Beat any Deadline

Simply put, we do not miss deadlines even the tightest ones.

 

24/7 Customer Support

Whenever questions arise, feel free to get in touch with us during day and night.

Buy Essays Online from Us to Resolve Your Academic Challenges

Cannot write an ordinary essay or a complex thesis or dissertation by yourself? Do not worry since we have online solutions for every client. We are the most credible writing company where you can order an academic paper of any type. Whether you want to buy essays online, short-answer questions assignments, reaction papers, book reports, or any other projects, contact our academic writing agency. We know that students often face tough challenges through the academic years and want to help them ease their burden.

 

It is no secret that students are obliged to submit numerous writing tasks, which are a part of their educational curriculum. If you are one of those students who experience troubles while creating memos, research papers, concept maps and other pieces of writing, you may become extremely worried about the outcome, especially if the deadline is fast-approaching and instructions are perplexing. Our professional essay writers can help you handle your assignments and improve your final grades. So, do not hesitate to ask us for writing assistance.

We are here to help those desperate students who would like to get a perfectly written term paper, dissertation chapter, synopsis, grant proposal or any other work with completely authentic content. We do understand that the submission of plagiarized academic writing projects may lead to negative consequences such as unsatisfactory grades or even suspension from an educational establishment. In case you do not know how to create original content, order custom essays online from us. The qualified and professional essay writers comprising our team are experts in producing authentic texts. They always write papers from scratch and make proper citations, which means top-notch academic writing material is guaranteed. Thus, buy essay paper writing at Express-Essays.com if you desire to receive impeccable projects.

 

Title of your paper
?
Type of assignment
?
Number of pages
?
Urgency
?
Academic Level
?
Spacing
?

Buy Essay Paper Writing and Enjoy a Variety of Services Offered

Since students are assigned the tasks and projects of diverse nature, they strive to find the online company that can provide them with not only an essay writing service but also a spectrum of others that could help them cope with their assignments. Express-Essays.com is the company that offers a broad range of professional essay services. Some of them are listed below:

  • Professional essay editing. You have produced your custom essay but you are unsure whether it is correct in terms of sentence construction, clarity of text, etc. No problem! Submit your essay online to us and expect to be delivered a flawless work.
  • Valuable rewriting. We can reword any type of text. Thus, do not delay submitting your paper to us. Be confident that the rewritten document will be focused on the same topic and deliver the same messages as the original one.
  • Great formatting. Whether you buy essays online from us or the papers of other kinds, be certain that the citation style indicated in the order form will be applied correctly. We are conversant with all formats.
  • Remarkable proofreading. If you hesitate about being able to correct all punctuation errors, misspelled words, typos, etc. in your piece of writing, hire our proofreaders. They can easily spot all mistakes and correct them.

Regardless of the custom essay service you intend to use, you can be confident tha the final output will be outstanding since we are the experts focused on superb results. We realize that education matters a lot to you and it is not always easy to reach the objectives which you have defined for yourself. However, our custom essay writing team is here to assist you in the best way possible. So, do not panic if you don’t have a clue about how to create a powerful custom essay. Instead, turn to us to use our remarkable essay writing service.

Huge Discounts for Loyal Customers Who Regularly Order Custom Essays Online from Us

5%off

For more than

30 pages

 

10%off

For more than

50 pages

 

15%off

For more than

100 pages

 
 

Continue placing orders on our website and you will be provided with generous discounts for your loyalty. The discount rate depends on the number of pages ordered. The increasing number of orders presumes the rise of discounts from 5% to 15%. For example, if you buy 30 pages in total, you will receive a 5% discount on the future orders. In case you purchase 50 pages in total, you will get an opportunity of receiving a 10% discount on your next orders. When your assignments total 100 pages, you will be offered a 15% discount on the next orders. The most interesting fact is that such type of discount is called “life-time” and you will have an opportunity to use it as much as you need. Try our essay writing service now!

Why Should I Order an Essay from Your Website?

Have you ever thought about the cases when you cannot cope with a huge amount of home tasks and numerous academic papers that have to be written within a short time frame, whereas some other students get the best grades with ease? It is no longer a secret – they use online essay writing services and do not spend even a minute on writing boring essays and research papers.

When using a valuable academic writing service, one gets a wonderful opportunity to have some free time and manage it in their own way. Students get a chance to devote their attention to something other than studies. For example, they can take up a new hobby, try the kind of sports they have been dreaming of, enhance their personal development, etc. A worthy essay writing service is a great tool for those who want to make their academic life easier and more interesting. With a superb service at hand, students may stop bothering about the constant need of doing endless assignments, lab experiments, tests, etc.

If you also want to save your time and efforts just like other students in your class, make an order on our website and get numerous advantages:

Your paper will be assigned to the best writer, who specializes in your subject. It means that an expert writing specialist will complete your assignment according to your demands, so that you can get the desired grade.

You will have 48 hours (1-19 pages) or 30 days (20+ pages) for a free revision if you think that some requirements have not been followed by the writer. Please remember that this option requires keeping initial guidelines the same.

If you buy an essay online from our agency, be confident it will belong to you only. We never resell our clients’ orders as we value both their trust in us and our reputation. So, full ownership is granted!

On our website, you can buy essay papers at attractive prices that won’t hurt your budget. Just access our “Prices” page to see what rates we charge for different types of papers. Y0u can even determine the cost of your work before ordering it.

       

Use discount code first15 and

Get 15% OFF Your First Order!

 

Advantages of Cooperating with Our Professional Essay Writers

The question “Where to buy essays online?” is acute for a large number of students who cannot handle their assigned projects on their own. You have to be careful while choosing an agency to buy an essay paper online from, especially when it goes about some unknown online writing companies. There are more and more fraudulent providers on the Internet and students often become their victims by investing money into their scam services.

However, our company is known for providing a remarkable essay writing service. We have a big client base and we receive a lot of positive feedback on our work. We know how to satisfy customers’ demands and deliver superior quality services to every student.

If you buy an essay paper or that of any other kind from our online writing company, be certain that your professor will not even assume that it was written by another person. By using the writing service offered by our agency, you can confident of receiving a genuine paper written according to your specifications. You will not find a similar paper on the web, we guarantee!

One of the most important aspects to consider when choosing us to buy an essay online is our writers. We have a very strict hiring process since we want our writing team to comprise only highly knowledgeable and experienced specialists. We employ only the best writers on the writing market. Whenever you buy an essay or a complex dissertation, we will find the most suitable writer to accomplish your writing task.

We employ only professional essay writers who are degree holders and are able to take into consideration all customers’ needs. Here is a list of benefits you can gain if you hire one of our experts to write an essay online for you.

  • Your writer will carry out detailed research on your topic and gather all appropriate materials to make sure that your topic is covered fully.
  • The assigned expert will carefully analyze the collected data and determine the order of presenting it.
  • The specialist working on your assignment will structure it coherently so that it looks visually attractive and is easy to read.
  • Your writer will complete the given task according to the indicated citation style. Therefore, you no longer need to spend hours reading rules of formatting not to lose points for the paper.
  • If you buy essay papers on our website, have no doubts that it will contain all the required visual material, i.e. charts, tables, diagrams, etc.

If you want to write an essay or research paper on your own, you will have to spend many hours in the library and browse numerous online databases to find appropriate materials. However, our professional essay writers can do everything more effectively and according to the indicated deadline. So, buy essay assignments from us to ease your academic workload. You only have to place an online order.

 

Simple Ordering Process: Buy Essay Assignments with Ease!

 
 

Submityour paper details

 
 

Payfor the order

 
 

Downloadyour paper

 
 

Only a Few Clicks to Buy Essay Writing of Top Quality

The process of using our essay writing service is indeed rather simple. It requires our customers, who want to order an essay online from Express-Essays.com, to fill out a comprehensible form and that’s all. So, to buy essay paper writing from us, you need to:

  1. Provide broad guidelines about how to deal with your assignment. Indicate the deadline, topic, number of words, spacing, citation style, etc.
  2. Pay for your assignment. We offer several reliable payment methods which you can use to buy an essay online from us. Once the transaction is verified, your assignment will appear in our system.
  3. Communicate with your expert if required. We have created an effective system for online communication between our clients and writers. So, you can always send your specialist a message if such a need arises.
  4. Download your completed paper. Once your deadline expires, your assignment will be uploaded to your account at Express-Essays.com. Additionally, the copy of your completed project will be sent to your email.

So, why waste your time if you can order an essay from us and forget your worries and troubles? Our academic writing team is always ready to assist you in overcoming your academic difficulties. Thus, feel free to use our essay writing service to achieve the desired success!

 
     
Use disount code first15 and
GET 15% OFF YOUR FIRST ORDER!
Place your order now
X
Online - please click here to chat

Coherent Cookies Policy: our aim is customer satisfaction! We guarantee complete security, fully customized content and perfect services. Read more »

It’s Ok